Genetics of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

Published by Alicia Ferguson on

Genetics of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)


What is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)? 

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome or PCOS is a hormonal condition that affects women’s ovaries. This condition can develop due to genetic factors or hormonal imbalances. Hormones are like little messengers in our body that help control our growth, development, and mood. For those with PCOS these hormonal imbalances that can lead to some of the following symptoms:

  • Irregular hair growth
  • Irregular menstrual or ovulation cycles
  • Ovarian cysts – fluid filled sacs on the ovaries
  • Minor skin conditions like acne and skin tags
  • Mood changes 
  • Weight gain 
  • Pregnancy complications

It is important to speak with a doctor for managing PCOS and its symptoms. To help those with this condition, changes in diet and exercise are encouraged. Doctors can also share methods that may help to regulate menstrual cycles, acne breakouts, and irregular hair growth. Although this condition can be managed, treatment is limited and research is needed. 

How is the research done? 

Researchers are using BioVU resources to find a better way to diagnose and treat PCOS. The study team will study genes of those with and without PCOS. The DNA from these two groups will be compared to find genetic traits linked to PCOS. This will help researchers predict those at risk for developing PCOS and provide early detection and early treatment. In addition, the study team looks at patients’ medical history to see if they could find other conditions that might be related to PCOS. 

What is the importance of this study? 

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a common condition that affects many women and their ability to have a baby. Diagnosing and treating PCOS can be difficult because it has a variety of symptoms, which can lead to high medical costs for patients. This research is important because it can help provide information for finding PCOS faster, which can improve treatment options and reduce costs for patients.