Genetics of Prostate Cancer

Published by Luke Morais on

Genetics of Prostate Cancer


What is Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer is a kind of cancer that happens in the prostate gland in males. The prostate gland is a small, nut-shaped organ that helps make fluid for sperm. Some prostate cancers grow slowly and don’t cause much harm, but others can spread quickly and be very dangerous. It’s important to find and treat prostate cancer early before it can spread and become harder to treat. 

Prostate cancer tests often involve checking the prostate specific antigen levels (PSA) in a person’s blood. PSA is a protein that can be made by both normal and cancerous cells in the prostate gland. But sometimes, the test results can be affected by things that aren’t cancer. Researchers want to see if a person’s genes can help us figure out if they are at high or low risk for prostate cancer, and if knowing their genes can help us understand PSA test results better. This will help us catch prostate cancer early and make sure people get the right treatment.


How was the research done?

Researchers will study how PSA levels relate to prostate cancer by looking at the genes of people with and without the disease. They will then create a score to predict how likely someone is to have benign or harmful changes in their PSA levels. They will also look at how well this score works compared to other medical information. They will see how these genes and scores affect treatment and features of prostate cancer. They will also test a tool to help find people with advanced prostate cancer and see how often certain genetic markers show up.


What is the importance of this study?

Prostate cancer is a serious health concern for men. It can cause a lot of problems and even death. It is important to find out who is more likely to get it so doctors can catch it early or prevent it.