Genetics of Haptoglobin Genetic Variation

Published by Luke Morais on

Genetics of Haptoglobin Genetic Variation
What is Haptoglobin?

Haptoglobin is a protein in our blood that helps to protect our body when we are sick or injured. It works by binding to a substance called hemoglobin, which is found in our red blood cells. When hemoglobin is released into our bloodstream, it can be harmful to our body. But haptoglobin helps to remove it and prevent it from causing damage.

Not everyone’s haptoglobin works the same way. Genetic differences called genetic variations affect how well someone’s haptoglobin works. Scientists are studying these differences to see if they are linked to certain health problems, like diabetes or pneumonia. Understanding how haptoglobin works in different people will help us learn more about how to prevent and treat these diseases in the future.

How the Research was done.

Scientists used samples and medical information from BioVU to gather data about haptoglobin. They used record information about different health problems, like diabetes or pneumonia, to search for patients with these conditions. They looked at clinical test results in the records to see if they have a connection to haptoglobin levels.

The researchers also look at tiny parts of different patient’s haptoglobin genes called SNPs. SNPs are tiny codes in our DNA that can affect how our genes work. They can see how haptoglobin SNPs can cause the gene to word differently for people. Scientists can then connect those genetic differences to different health issues. 

What is the importance of this study?

Haptoglobin genetic variation may increase the risk of developing certain diseases. Studying Haptoglobin genetic variation can allow doctors to recommend lifestyle changes. It can also help develop new treatments which could prevent or treat diseases.